WWII in real time

Besieged Polish resistance, encircled in Warsaw by German armies, have created own radio station & printworks to inspire defenders. This poster promises: "One bullet for every German". https://t.co/0nZ9WZmuFY RealTimeWWII photo
To try & crush uprising in Warsaw, German occupiers have cut water supplies to the city, forcing Polish resistance to dig wells & ration water. Poles queue for a street pump in a trench dug to shelter from German snipers: https://t.co/ZS9eh0x1YY RealTimeWWII photo
After 3 years of brutal Japanese occupation & deprivation, native Chamorro people of Guam return to American rule. Japanese imprisoned Chamorros in labour camps, tortured & executed many, & subjected
others to forced prostitution as "comfort women". https://t.co/LbdRGQDo3g
RealTimeWWII photo
Japanese commander on Guam, Hideyoshi Obata has committed seppuku (ritual suicide) after his forces failed to stop US Marines taking the island; now posthumously promoted to general by Japanese High Command. https://t.co/0yYRGRDC8A RealTimeWWII photo
Troops of the US Third Army have crossed the River Loire, continuing rapid advance across Brittany; since breaking through German lines around Normandy, Allied forces are spreading out across France. Watch newsreel: https://t.co/fofpJpymiw
"How about moving over, Bud?" As heaviest fighting ends on Guam, a Husky scouting dog & a US Marine relax in a foxhole, captured by war photographer W. Eugene Smith. https://t.co/xTxRH6RF39 RealTimeWWII photo
Organised Japanese resistance has collapsed on Guam; American forces control the island but 7000+ Japanese guerrillas are still fighting in dense, mountainous jungle. https://t.co/SSt85D35Vs RealTimeWWII photo
US Marines on Guam have fought inland, forcing Japanese occupiers into dense mountainous jungle on north of island. Exhausted Japanese are short of ammo, food; their artillery & tanks now wrecked by relentless American assault. https://t.co/d3Umc9XQyh RealTimeWWII photo
Japanese prisoners have overwhelm Australian guards during escape from Cowra camp, killing four- Australians opened up with machine guns, killing about 200 prisoners while others have committed suicide. 359 have escaped & largest manhunt in Australian history is pursuing them. https://t.co/eU6rSjnem5 RealTimeWWII photo
Japanese prisoners of war in Australia have staged a mass breakout from Cowra camp, 314km west of Sydney, with 1000+ storming perimeter. Yelling "Banzai" & flinging blankets over barbed wire fence, Japanese attack Australian guards with knives, baseball bats & garottes. https://t.co/OZ9U3bJeyr RealTimeWWII photo
Major strike by US transport workers in Philadelphia ends after workers were threatened with being drafted into Army. White Philadelphia transit workers walked off their jobs in protest at Black employees being allowed to drive trains. Philadelphia has been paralyzed for 8 days. https://t.co/8nP4d7TUYJ RealTimeWWII photo
Desperate to crush Polish uprising in Warsaw, & following Himmler’s order to “kill anything that moves”, three German battle groups are advancing from the west. Nazi forces are indiscriminately massacring fighters & civilians alike: 10,000 killed in Wola district in last day. https://t.co/Z9qzVbq81S RealTimeWWII photo
In Florence, retreating Germans have blown up historic bridges across the river Arno, cutting city in two to try & slow down advancing Allied forces. Florentines, ordered to shelter in cellars & churches by Nazi occupiers, react to explosions with shouts of horror: “The bridges!” https://t.co/GY6hCGbk33 RealTimeWWII photo
Betrayed by an unknown informer, the Jewish residents of the secret annex & their Dutch allies are arrested at pistol-point. German police confiscate all valuables, putting them in a suitcase, which they first empty onto the floor- scattering pages of Anne Frank's diary.
Anne Frank, 15, has been keeping a diary for the two years that her family have been in hiding. 2 weeks ago, hearing of German officers' plot to assassinate Hitler, she wrote: "I'm finally getting optimistic. Now, at last, things are going well!" https://t.co/TlVezlLJon RealTimeWWII photo
Police in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam storm a small apartment hidden in a warehouse, capturing a group of eight Dutch Jews, who have been concealed in secret annex for 761 days. Otto, Edith, Margot & Anne Frank, Hermann, Auguste & Peter van Pels, & Fritz Pfeffer all arrested by SS. https://t.co/7HJuJ7I7Nw RealTimeWWII photo
Polish "Home Army" in Warsaw has 40,000 soldiers, including 4000 women, but only guns & ammunition for ~2500 fighters. Rest must rely on capturing German stockpiles, improvised or homemade weaponry. https://t.co/3cAzsWDHCM RealTimeWWII photo
After 2 days' battle in the Warsaw Uprising, Polish resistance fighters have captured much of the city, although Nazi occupiers still hold vital strongpoints. Red Army forces have stopped 12 miles east of the river Vistula, after advance units were thrown back by Germans. https://t.co/0pEqiavZTb RealTimeWWII photo
~20,000 Roma & Sinti people from across Europe have been murdered in Auschwitz & Birkenau camps in just over a year. Auschwitz's Zigeunerfamilienlager- gypsy family camp- holds a small group used for forced labour, medical experiments, & subject to pseudoscientific study. https://t.co/Vq4Evo1vub RealTimeWWII photo
SS guards at Auschwitz concentration camp have started to kill prisoners of the "Gypsy Family Camp", gassing & burning 2,897 Roma & Sinti people: "clearing out" inmates as Soviet forces advance closer. https://t.co/LrRaLOKUja RealTimeWWII photo

Cold War Use

The life-span of the Regional War Rooms appears to have been quite short, though details are unknown. By the time that most of the purpose-built structures were nearing completion in 1955-6, the advent of nuclear weapons had led to an enormous change in the perception of the threat posed by the Soviet Union, and the needs of Civil Defence. The threat now was of complete breakdown of central government with the Regional War Rooms being superseded by Regional Seats of Government (RSG), fully autonomous regional command centres, hardened against nuclear attack.
Some of the purpose built Regional War Rooms were adapted as RSG’s, but this was not the case with Kenton Bar which did not have the room for expansion required for the increased number of staff. The exact date of closure of the regional war room is uncertain although it is thought that most of these facilities had been supplanted by RSG’s by around 1960.

After its use as a war room ceased it was used as a training centre for RSG and later Sub Regional Control staff in Region 1. The presence of materials related to Exercise ARCADE (ROC run exercise) confirms the continued use of the bunker. Sub regional control units were on a smaller scale than RSG’s meaning the Kenton Bunker could have been used. However; it was deemed too near the City centre target area for use as War HQ for the Newcastle Sub Region, remaining dormant with occasional staff training until about 1965, after that date it was used for storage for the government offices on site.

In 1968 it was considered for use as a temporary Sub Regional Control until a purpose built one could be built in Hexham however nothing came of this. It remained in use until the stand down of Civil Defence in 1968 after which date it was retained on care and maintenance as the County Borough War HQ. In the 1971 Home Defence Review it was still officially performing this role and in 1974 it was transferred to Tyne & Wear County council. The newly formed Newcastle District Council officially designated it as their war HQ but nothing was done to it due to the Council’s extreme left wing policy on Civil Defence and their refusal to pay rent to the Home Office. They instead used the sub basement of Sunderland Civic Centre letting Kenton Bunker remain dormant. Later in 1982 the Sub Control in Heaton was designated as Main War HQ.
In 1986 Tyne and Wear County was abolished and the newly formed Tyne and Wear Fire and Civil Defence Authority wanted to turn the filter room into a modern emergency centre, a scheme that was halted by the end of the cold war in 1989.

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