WWII in real time


Italians use Enigma cipher machines, gifts from their German allies, making their signals "impossible to decrypt"- so they believe.

Codebreakers at Britain's Bletchley Park have cracked a single signal from Italian Navy- three days to a major attack. Working flat-out to decode more & discover location.

Göring: Now that British bombers are "targeting national monuments", Luftwaffe will do same. "I wouldn't give 2 pfennigs for the Houses of Parliament."

Berlin bombed overnight, for the first time this year: 48 Royal Air Force planes hit city centre, but missed their targets, the rail depots- hit Reichstag & museums instead.

Greek counter-attacks have forced Italians to retreat back into no-man's-land- where their own artillery is mistakenly shelling them.

Italian forces in Albania making a desperate night attack, charging Greek trenches with bayonets in last-ditch attempt to break their lines.

German advance beginning in Libya- Rommel's Afrikakorps forces have captured El Agheila. British troops wrecked 1 German armoured car, then abandoned town.

4 Yugoslavian Cabinet Ministers have resigned over Hitler's ultimatum to join "Axis" - & warn government of anti-German revolution brewing.

Menzies on Churchill: "He's a great one for detail- but his real tyrant is the glittering phrase, so attractive to his mind that awkward facts have to give way."

Australian Prime Minister Menzies in London, to discuss Australian troops fighting in Greece & Africa; records Winston Churchill "positively enjoys the war."

Nazi-issued postcards- to be sent to family in Vichy France- have no blank space, just phrases to be circled: sick, no news, send food etc.

After 9 months of Nazi occupation, inhabitants of northern France are still banned from sending sealed letters south. Only German-issued postcards allowed.

King has requested a national day of prayer in UK today. George Orwell: "Appalled by the jingoism & self-righteousness of the whole thing": https://t.co/Q6Geh0YrDb

Anti-German demonstrations flaring across Balkans- angry Yugoslavians protesting Hitler's ultimatum to join Axis & admit Wehrmacht troops.

Pope cancelling usual lavish Easter service in St. Peter's Square- "war is not a time for great gatherings". His Holiness will instead say Mass in a private chapel.

French refugee turned firefighter André Savignon, in Plymouth: "This town is wasting away in reddish trails of smoke; most citizens now lie, all their distress ended, under the ruins."

Plymouth was bombed again last night- 284 people now dead, thousands homeless. British air defences brought down 2 German planes out of over 100. https://t.co/7yoFiAH4zN RealTimeWWII photo

Soviet Military Intelligence Chief Golikov reassures Stalin: "while Britain remains undefeated, Hitler will never attack the USSR."

Italian Army Chaplains again asking Greeks in Albania for ceasefire, to bury Italian dead covering slopes of Monastery Hill. Greeks refuse, demand a full armistice.

Celebrity aviator & isolationist Colonel Lindbergh says USA cannot enter the war: "We have less military aircraft than Germany produces in one week."

News Letter

Highs and Lows of 2010

A bad winter in 2009 saw the bunker suffering an influx of water which threatened the Operations Room floor, the only wooden floor in the whole complex. Luckily contractors were quick enough to dry the bunker out. November/December of 2010 saw an abundance of heavy snow and with access to the bunker off limits to everyone; it is unknown what lies within. guardhouse

The early part of 2010 started slowly for Bunker Thirteen as we had expected. We have now become used to such periods of little or no activity, but in the meantime members of Bunker Thirteen continued to drum up support and locate existing veterans who served in 13 Group Headquarters.
A boost to our list of supporters came from the Newcastle branch of the Royal Air Force Association and we had some interest in our project from 617 Squadron.
Bunker Thirteen became close associates of Blyth Battery Volunteers who invited us back to their events on a regular basis.
May 2011 will see Bunker Thirteen back at Blyth and also back to our biggest supporter’s event for the second year running. Yorkshire Air Museum at Elvington Air Field has supported Bunker Thirteen since day one, back in 2008 when we first started out and Ian Reed and his staff still continue to do so.

2010 saw Bunker Thirteen’s first appearance at Yorkshire Air Museum followed closely by Blyth Battery. It was also our first attempt at fund raising, which started slowly but as we met more and more people, the fund raising improved.

uxbridge 1

Invites emerged from various sources such as the Old Hartley Heritage Fair, Shiremoor Library and Blyth Social Club, where we spoke to local History groups and gathered a generous following. When Bunker Thirteen wasn’t attending events, negotiations and meetings were on going with Taylor Wimpy as to the future of the Bunker. The local residents also expressed an interest in the future of the bunker and how it would benefit them.
2010 also saw Bunker Thirteen on a fact finding mission to the 11 Group bunker at RAF Uxbridge. Also attending were the owners of the 1940’s UK Radio, Shaun & Lynda Moncaster. Video and audio recordings were made around the Battle of Britain Ops Room as well as with WAAF Rita Spence.

 

service1
September saw the bunker receiving its first recognition in the way of a Remembrance Service conducted by Rev. Ronald Black. 617 Squadron were going to attend. They asked us if we would want a fly-past but 617 were told it wasn’t worth their while as the service was only to last fifteen minutes. However they did say that they would try and make it next time, if and when we erect a memorial stone to 13 Group Fighter Command. The Lord Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne attended the service along with veterans from the Royal Air Force Association. Bunker Thirteen’s own two WAAFs, Rita Spence and Catherine (Kitty) Brightwell also attended and were given the honour of laying the wreath. Radio Newcastle attended during the afternoon and interviewed members of Bunker Thirteen, journalists and photographers from Newcastle’s Evening Chronicle attended the service.
A contingent from 733 Squadron (Newcastle Airport) Sqn formed the guard of Honour, led by Warrant Officer Phil Greenwood.

rita
2010 also saw the return of WAAF Rita Spence to the former 13 Group Fighter Command Headquarters after she left in 1943 on another posting. She was joined by her daughter Judith and son in law John, along with representatives from Taylor Wimpy and their management company. Rita visited areas inside the headquarters that she would have never been allowed to see during her time there. She spoke briefly about her time in the headquarters and said that it was a privilege to return.
Plans were in progress for a top producer from the BBC to make a documentary with Rita and fellow WAAF Kitty Brightwell inside of the headquarters but alas, tragedy struck. Rita had to have an operation and sadly, she passed away leaving a huge sense of loss, both for her family and for Bunker Thirteen.
Her funeral was held at a Crematorium in South Shields, attended by her family and representatives from the Newcastle Branch of the WAAFs Association and Bunker Thirteen. Her coffin was draped in a Union Jack.
Nearing the end of 2010 saw yet another slow period with no activity at all but still, behind the scenes, support for the bunker project was looked for.
Out of the blue, one person emerged that was quite enthusiastic about the bunker project. The only professional, female band leader in the UK, with a massive following, Debbie Curtis was only too keen to lend her support and to help in any way that she could. John from Bunker Thirteen continues to converse with her on a regular basis and mentioned that Bunker Thirteen would like to involve a celebrity as a patron but the search had been fruitless so far. Debbie had said that she may help on that score but so far nothing has happened yet – but confidence is high. bandleader

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