WWII in real time


Cigarette company taking advantage of American military buildup to advertise "Army Man's Favorite Cigarette- the Camel": https://t.co/y3zPTb1l49 RealTimeWWII photo

Freezing temperatures in USSR bring one advantage to Germans: Russian roads, until now rivers of mud thanks to heavy rains, have frozen & become usable for Wehrmacht advance. https://t.co/bGpBEeqzBE RealTimeWWII photo

Mueller: To avoid public scenes, "Russians unable to withstand a short walk to the camp shall be executed on the spot." https://t.co/iTGD9ZRbjX RealTimeWWII photo

Gestapo chief Heinrich Mueller complains: "5-10% of Soviet prisoners collapse dead marching to concentration camps." It is impossible to prevent German civilians from noticing the deaths.

Winter gear is finally being issued to German troops in the USSR; due to shortages of previously "unneeded" equipment, just one greatcoat issued to each Wehrmacht artillery team- of four men.

Today is Polish Independence day. 23 years after becoming an independent state, Poland is now totally occupied by Nazi Germany. 150 Polish prisoners have been murdered in concentration camp of Auschwitz: https://t.co/jz9Q60t7Cd
RealTimeWWII photo
Auschwitz Memorial @AuschwitzMuseum
11 November 1941 | On the Polish Independence Day the Germans carried out the first execution by shooting in the yard of Block 11 of the #Auschwitz camp. Most probably 151 people were shot in the back of their heads - almost all of them Poles. #11listopada 1/5 https://t.co/C9HmI7FKyo

Sgt. York, US war hero: "There are those who ask me & other veterans of World War Number One, 'What did it get you?' The thing they forget is that liberty & freedom & democracy are so very precious that you do not fight to win them once and stop." https://t.co/gdAlnbZzvK RealTimeWWII photo

As USA marks Armistice Day, President Roosevelt: this year, Americans can "measure our indebtedness to those who died" to defeat the tyranny that has now swept across Europe: https://t.co/71n0asjfoR https://t.co/zt8ZI7qXil RealTimeWWII photo

Mass Observation survey notes many Britons claim Armistice Day "has lost its meaning", ignore two minutes' silence; one First World War veteran says: "I was terribly disappointed it was not observed. It belongs to the last war, not this one."

After 14 years planning & construction, the Australian War Memorial has opened in Canberra. 2 years ago it was changed from commemorating the First World War to remembrance of all Australian war dead, as it became clear that the "war to end all wars" hadn't. https://t.co/Cd0OONJH7U RealTimeWWII photo

"They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning,
We will remember them."
Please be silent for the next 2 minutes.

Today is Armistice Day- commemorating the end of the "Great War" 23 years ago today. Memorials have been scaled back in UK this year, so as not to hamper war effort.

Churchill announces that "should the USA become involved in war with Japan, the British declaration of war will follow within the hour."

In Changteh, China, Japanese planes are dropping wheat, rice, & cotton on civilian towns- all infested with fleas carrying the bubonic plague, cultivated by Japanese army scientists.

Special Japanese envoy Saburo Kurusu offers to withdraw Imperial Army from "most of China" if USA lifts sanctions; Americans instead demands Japan "totally eschew conquest."

As Japanese diplomats attempt last-ditch negotiations in Washington, Japanese Army mobilizes for simultaneous strikes on Malaya & Philippines. Japanese foreign office has been given deadline of 30 November to avert war.

New York Times claims "Tokyo is readying for some war; the Japanese are fanatic & gloomy, the city grim & thought-controlled."

Patricia Agnew, wife of Force K's Captain, hears of her husband's victory on the wireless: "I was so amazed I dropped several stitches in my knitting." https://t.co/yC9zvWdojn RealTimeWWII photo

Force K have sunk 2 Italian destroyers, crippled a third, smashed 9 merchant ships & set a tanker ablaze- without a single British casualty. https://t.co/RWuQ0LuqZo RealTimeWWII photo

From an officer aboard British destroyer HMS Penelope: "Our quarry never saw us coming. Italian merchant ships burst into flames as soon as we hit them- all too easy."

History

The bunker was built in 1938 – 1939 at what was Kenton Quarry, and under the Dowding System of air defence became the headquarters of No 13 Group Fighter Command, which stretched from Humberside to The north of Scotland, including Northern Ireland.

Commanded by Air Vice-Marshal Richard Saul, the bunker was a typical MOD design of the time, with everything centred around a two storey high operations room complete with curved glass observation posts above a plotting table. There was also a plant room that enabled the circulating air to be filtered, and indeed the ventilation system is still intact.

The bunkers’ day in history came on the 15th August 1940 when around midday the controller sitting high above the plotting table realised that the north east coast was under attack by a cavalcade of German fighter bombers from Luftflotte 5. Scrambling fighters from sector airfields around the North east and further afield, the Germans were sufficiently repulsed and never mounted a daylight attack again over the north east.

Around the end of 1940, bunkers known as Group Filter Rooms were built near each Group HQ bunker to filter out the important information. So the site at Kenton Bar had a sister bunker built (of different layout) at what are now the Blakelaw flats just off Blakelaw Road. The Filter bunker  housed the local Sea Cadets and was thought for many years to be the 13 Group HQ. It is now mothballed and the entrances sealed

When the decision was taken to build the filter bunker, the area that 13 Group covered was reduced, and No 14 Group was formed at Inverness to cover the area north of Montrose. In 1943, the bunker was decommissioned as 13 Group HQ, with No 12 Group taking over responsibility for the area. For the rest of the war it was used for teleprinter and communications work.

uk map with groups1

After the famous Yalta Conference (attended by Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt) in February 1945, the political and geographic map of Europe was changed considerably. The Cold War had begun.

The bunker was used for civil defence meetings at this time in case of Nuclear attack, though I doubt that it would have protected the occupants completely.

The Department of Social Security buildings were built in 1948-49 and Demolished in 2005. They have been replaced by a housing estate.

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