WWII in real time


Brtish Conservatives denounce BBC for playing the national anthem of the UK's new ally, the Soviet Union- Communist song the Internationale: https://t.co/xdiF4Umud2

Lenin travelling east by special train, along with expert taxidermists, embalming chemicals & valuable Tsarist treasures- all guarded by soldiers to keep out refugees trying to flee Moscow.

Soviets forces are evacuating the embalmed corpse of Lenin from his mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow, to a provincial town in Siberia, to save it from bombing or possible capture by Germans. https://t.co/WJFRqafqfm RealTimeWWII photo

1 German soldier: "Capturing these eggs is better for my unit than taking Smolensk; thinking of new recipes is more troublesome than the Russians."

German Army Group Centre, racing toward Moscow, have captured a vital prize as their supplies run out: 1 million eggs from a Red Army food store.

German panzers are grinding to a halt, waiting for marching infantry & horse-drawn fuel transport to catch up with them; Wehrmacht living off looted Russian supplies. https://t.co/iU5XVTgUNV RealTimeWWII photo

Wehrmacht triumphant, in USSR, with everyone from Hitler to ordinary German soldiers celebrating; but breakneck pace of advance is over-stretching them. https://t.co/W2bv34SS0M RealTimeWWII photo

Hitler & Mussolini are touring the borders of newly captured territory in the USSR, visiting Soviet fortress of Brest-Litovsk, captured by Germans after two weeks of vicious siege. https://t.co/V6XTI4UVEr RealTimeWWII photo

"To stiffen morale" Red Army has reintroduced Commissars- "political officers" with equal authority to military commanders, infamous for shooting fearful soldiers. https://t.co/J5dGnx0U9P RealTimeWWII photo

"The Motherland is Calling!", new poster designed by Soviet artist Irakli Toidze. After his wife Tamara ran into his studio to announce outbreak of war, Irakli told her to freeze while he sketched her expression. https://t.co/aNUYmFBKlB RealTimeWWII photo

German General Blumentritt, near Smolensk: "The heat is tremendous, broken by sudden showers; these turn the roads to clinging mud before the sun bakes them back into crumbling clay."

Despite desperate series of counter-attacks & some pockets of bitter resistance, Russian roads are currently slowing German advance more than Red Army. https://t.co/nyySf7SPe9 RealTimeWWII photo

German forces now nearly 500 miles deep into USSR, with exultant Wehrmacht planning assaults on Kiev, Leningrad, & Moscow. https://t.co/vPrdawjfAf RealTimeWWII photo

Author P.G. Wodehouse continues his series of comic broadcasts from Berlin to USA, unaware that in UK Parliament he's being accused of aiding German propaganda efforts & "playing the Nazi game". https://t.co/6hfN5kTjuy

SS commander Reinhard Heydrich orders German Einsatzcommandos to step up their slaughter in the USSR, killing as well as Soviet officials, "all Jews & other people who are known to be agitators or fanatical communists."

Hitler intends to "Germanize" Russia via resettlement & extermination; "Leningrad will be razed to the ground, then handed over to the Finns." In time, Hitler plans to incorporate Finland into the Reich.

"Nazi philosopher" Alfred Rosenberg has been appointed German Minister for Occupied Eastern Territories, to "'pacify" the Reich's growing empire. https://t.co/Khrwchofjo RealTimeWWII photo

SS lawyer Rolf-Heinz Höppner writes to Adolf Eichmann: "Not all the Jews can be fed this winter; would it not be more humane to finish them off via some quick means?"

Kazimierz: "I discover that many Jews have been “transported” to the forest... An hour later the volleys began. Ten people were shot at a time. They took off their overcoats, caps, & shoes (but not their trousers!)" https://t.co/gGMWx0gCS9 RealTimeWWII photo

In Lithuania newly "liberated" by Nazis, Kazimierz Sakowicz starts a diary: "Quite nice weather, warm, white clouds, windy, some shots from the forest... This was the first day of executions."

History

The bunker was built in 1938 – 1939 at what was Kenton Quarry, and under the Dowding System of air defence became the headquarters of No 13 Group Fighter Command, which stretched from Humberside to The north of Scotland, including Northern Ireland.

Commanded by Air Vice-Marshal Richard Saul, the bunker was a typical MOD design of the time, with everything centred around a two storey high operations room complete with curved glass observation posts above a plotting table. There was also a plant room that enabled the circulating air to be filtered, and indeed the ventilation system is still intact.

The bunkers’ day in history came on the 15th August 1940 when around midday the controller sitting high above the plotting table realised that the north east coast was under attack by a cavalcade of German fighter bombers from Luftflotte 5. Scrambling fighters from sector airfields around the North east and further afield, the Germans were sufficiently repulsed and never mounted a daylight attack again over the north east.

Around the end of 1940, bunkers known as Group Filter Rooms were built near each Group HQ bunker to filter out the important information. So the site at Kenton Bar had a sister bunker built (of different layout) at what are now the Blakelaw flats just off Blakelaw Road. The Filter bunker  housed the local Sea Cadets and was thought for many years to be the 13 Group HQ. It is now mothballed and the entrances sealed

When the decision was taken to build the filter bunker, the area that 13 Group covered was reduced, and No 14 Group was formed at Inverness to cover the area north of Montrose. In 1943, the bunker was decommissioned as 13 Group HQ, with No 12 Group taking over responsibility for the area. For the rest of the war it was used for teleprinter and communications work.

uk map with groups1

After the famous Yalta Conference (attended by Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt) in February 1945, the political and geographic map of Europe was changed considerably. The Cold War had begun.

The bunker was used for civil defence meetings at this time in case of Nuclear attack, though I doubt that it would have protected the occupants completely.

The Department of Social Security buildings were built in 1948-49 and Demolished in 2005. They have been replaced by a housing estate.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Our Twitter Feed

Donate

Help Preserve The Bunker